Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic chronic disease which is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar). This can be either because the pancreas does not produce adequate insulin or none at all, or because of insulin resistance which means that the cells do not respond to insulin.  There are three major types of Diabetes:  Type 1 (formerly known as insulin dependent Diabetes), Type 2 (formerly known as non-insulin dependent Diabetes), and gestational Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes results from the failure of the body’s pancreas to produce insulin. On the other hand, Type 2 Diabetes results from insulin resistance that may sometimes be combined with insulin deficiency. Gestational Diabetes occurs when a pregnant woman who has never had Diabetes before, develops a high blood glucose level during pregnancy.