References

References

Websites:

10 facts about Diabetes. World Health Organization Website. http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/diabetes/01_en.html.  Published, 2006. Accessed October 17, 2012.
About Diabetes. Diabetes New Zealand Website. http://www.diabetes.org.nz/about_diabetes. Published, 2008. Accessed April 01, 2011.
Cardiovascular disease. Diabetes UK Website. http://www.diabetes.org.uk/Guide-to-diabetes/Complications/Cardiovascular_disease/. Updated March, 2009. Accessed April 14, 2011.
Childhood Diabetes. Joslin Diabetes Center Website. http://www.joslin.org/info/childhood-diabetes.html. Accessed April 21, 2011.
Definition and diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus and intermediate hyperglycemia: report of a WHO/IDF consultation. World Health Organization Website. http://www.who.int/diabetes/publications/ Definition%20and %20diagnosis%20of%20diabetes_new.pdf. Published, 2006. Accessed April 19, 2011.
Diabetes and cholesterol. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Diabetes%20and%20Cholesterol%20-%20update%20Jul%2009[1].pdf. Updated July, 2009. Accessed September 30, 2012.
Diabetes and driving. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Diabetes%20and%20Driving%20-%20update%20January%2011.pdf. Updated January, 2011. Accessed September 25, 2011.
Diabetes and exercise. Diabetes UK Website. http://www.diabetes.co.uk/exercise-for-diabetics.html. Accessed September 11, 2012.
Diabetes and high blood pressure. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Diabetes%20and%20High%20Blood%20Pressure%20-%20update%20Jul%2009[1].pdf. Updated July, 2009. Accessed April 17, 2011.
Diabetes and pregnancy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Website. http://www.cdc.gov/Features/DiabetesPregnancy/. Updated August 14, 2012. Accessed April 14, 2011.
Diabetes and Ramadan. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Default.aspx?pageid=34. Accessed May 1, 2011.
Diabetes and smoking. Diabetes New Zealand Website. http://www.diabetes.org.nz/living_with_diabetes/type_2_diabetes/smoking. Published, 2008. Accessed April 01, 2011.
Diabetes and smoking: the risks!. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Diabetes%20and%20Smoking%20-%20update%20Jul%2009[1].pdf. Updated July, 2009. Accessed September 25, 2011.
Diabetes and travel. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Diabetes%20and%20Travel%20-%20update%20Jul%2010.pdf. Updated July, 2010. Accessed April 28, 2011.
Diabetes insipidus. Medline Plus Website. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000377.htm . Updated October14, 2009. Accessed May 24, 2011.
Diabetes mellitus type 2: alcohol, exercise and medical care. UpToDate Website. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/diabetes-mellitus-type-2-alcohol-exercise-and-medical-care-beyond-the-basics. Published December 16, 2008. Accessed September 18, 2012.
Diabetes types. Diabetes.co.uk Website. http://www.diabetes.co.uk/diabetes-types.html . Accessed September 25, 2012.
Diabetes, children and travel. Diabetes.co.uk Website. www.diabetes.co.uk/kids/diabetes-and-travel.html. Accessed April 28, 2011.
Diabetes, family planning and pregnancy. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Diabetes%20Family%20Planning%20-%20update.pdf. Accessed April 14, 2011.
Diabetes, foot care and foot ulcers. Patient.co.uk Website. http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Diabetes,-Foot-Care-and-Foot-Ulcers.htm. Updated May 3, 2011. Accessed August 1, 2011.
Eating disorders/diabulimia. Joslin Diabetes Center Website. http://www.joslin.org/info/Eating_Disorders_Diabulimia_in_Type_1_Diabetes.htmlhttp://www.jo. Accessed April 29, 2011.
Exercise and your Diabetes. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website.  http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Exercise%20and%20Your%20Diabetes%20-%20update%20Jul%2009[1].pdf. Published July, 2009. Accessed September 30, 2012.
Eye complications. American Diabetes Association Website. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/eye-complications/. Published, 2010. Accessed April 04, 2011.
Fact sheet Diabetes and eye disease. International Diabetes Federation Website. http://www.idf.org/node/1186?unode=C1CCADE9-4A03-4D17-A662-155B3ED59FDB.  Accessed March 31, 2011.
Fact sheet Diabetes and kidney disease. International Diabetes Federation Website. http://www.idf.org/ . Accessed March 31, 2011.
Fact sheet Diabetes. World Health Organization Website.   http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/. Published, 2011.Accessed April 01, 2011.
Fasting and Diabetes. Diabetes UK Website. http://www.diabetes.org.uk/upload/Languages/New/English/Fasting-Eng.pdf. Updated March, 2009. Accessed April 30, 2011.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah - 1.67. Alim: Qur’an & Hadith Website. http://www.alim.org/library/hadith/fiq/FQS/1/67. Published, 2010. Accessed September 25, 2011.
Follow-up of patients with established Diabetes. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Default.aspx?pageid=42 . Accessed March 31, 2011.
Gestational Diabetes. Diabetes New Zealand Website. http://www.diabetes.org.nz/about_diabetes/gestational_diabetes. Published, 2008. Accessed April 18, 2011.
Gestational Diabetes. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet_-_1.5_Gestational_Diabetes_-_update_Aug_12.pdf . Updated August, 2012. Accessed September 26, 2012.
Gestational Diabetes. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet_-_1.5_Gestational_Diabetes_-_update_Aug_12.pdf. Published  August, 2012. Accessed September 30, 2012.
Health experts accept use of HbA1c for diagnosing Diabetes. World Health Organization Website. http://www.who.int/chp/media/news/releases/2011_1_diabetes/en/index.html. Published, 2011. Accessed October 16, 2012.
How to talk to your child about Diabetes. Joslin Diabetes Centre Website. http://www.joslin.org/info/how_to_talk_to_your_child_about_diabetes.html.  Published, 2012.   Accessed April 28, 2011.
Hypo signs and symptoms- a children’s guide. Diabetes.co.uk Website. www.diabetes.co.uk/kids/hypo-signs-and-syymptoms.html. Accessed April 28, 2011.
IDF Guideline on oral health for people with Diabetes. Brussels. International Diabetes Federation Website. http://www.idf.org/webdata/docs/OralHealth_EN_RTP.pdf . Published September 16, 2009. Accessed April 19, 2011.
Information for children with Diabetes and their families. NHS Tayside Children’s Services Website. www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk. Accessed April 28, 2011.
Ketoacidosis (DKA). American Diabetes Association Website.  http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/ketoacidosis-dka.html?print=t. Published, 1995. Accessed April 27, 2011.
Ketones testing. Joslin Diabetes Center Website. http://www.joslin.org/info/newly-diagnosed.html . Accessed April 13, 2011.
Kidney disease (nephropathy). American Diabetes Association Website.  http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/kidney-disease-nephropathy.html. Published, 1995. Accessed April 17, 2011.
LADA (latent autoimmune diabetes in adults). Diabetes Monitoring Werbsite. http://www.diabetesmonitor.com/lada.htm . Accessed May 23, 2011.
Make quitting suck less, in more ways than one. Nicorette Website. http://www.nicorette.com/quit-smoking-products/nicorette-products.aspx. Accessed April 14, 2011.
Managing Diabetes, a booklet for patient and carers. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Website. http://www.sign.ac.uk/pdf/pat116.pdf. Published March, 2010. Accessed April 06, 2011.
Managing stress. Diabetes New Zealand Website. http://www.diabetes.org.nz/living_with_diabetes/type_2_diabetes/stress . Published, 2008. Accessed April 13, 2011.
Napora J. Managing stress and Diabetes. American Diabetes Association Website. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/parents-and-kids/everyday-life/managing-stress-and-diabetes.html. 2012. Accessed October 8, 2012.
National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute Website. http://www.nhlbisupport.com/bmi/. Accessed April 13, 2011.
New Type 3 Diabetes discovered. Diabetes in Control Website. http://www.diabetesincontrol.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2582 . Accessed May 24, 2011.
Nicorette. Lexi Website. http://online.lexi.com/crlsql/servlet/crlonline. Accessed April 14, 2011.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD). American Diabetes Association Website. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/peripheral-arterial-disease.html. Published, 1995. Accessed April 14, 2011.
Physical activity and Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes New Zealand Website. http://www.diabetes.org.nz/living_with_diabetes/type_1_diabetes/physical_activity. Published, 2008. Accessed April 18, 2011.
Sport and hypoglycemia. Diabetes.co.uk Website. http://www.diabetes.co.uk/sport-and-hypoglycemia.html. Accessed November 29, 2012.
Stress. American Diabetes Association Website. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/stress.html. 2012. Accessed October 8, 2012.
Stroke. American Diabetes Association Website. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/ peripheral-arterial-disease.html. Published, 2012. Accessed September 30, 2012.
Talking to your child about Diabetes . Kids Health Website. http://kidshealth.org/parent/diabetes_center/living_diabetes/talking_diabetes.html#. Published, 1995. Accessed April 29, 2011.
The American Academy of Pediatrics. Making healthy food choices. Healthychildren.org Website. Available from: http:// http://www.healthychildren.org/English/ages-stages/gradeschool/nutrition/pages/Making-Healthy-Food-Choices.aspx. Published, 2004. Updated June 29, 2012. Accessed November 29, 2012.
The impact of chronic disease in Kuwait report. World Health Organization Website.  http://www.who.int/chp/chronic_disease_report/media/impact/kuwait.pdf. Accessed September 28, 2011.
The importance of controlling blood sugar. New York State Department of Health Website. http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/conditions/diabetes/controlling_blood_sugar_importance.htm. Updated May, 2010. Accessed April 26, 2011.
Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes New Zealand Website. http://www.diabetes.org.nz/about_diabetes/type_1_diabetes. Published, 2008. Accessed April 04, 2011.
Type 2 Diabetes and children. Diabetes.co.uk Website. http://www.diabetes.co.uk/kids/type-2-diabetes-and-children.html. Accessed September 25, 2012.
Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes New Zealand Website. http://www.diabetes.org.nz/about_diabetes/type_2_diabetes. Published, 2008. Accessed April 04, 2011.
Understanding your child feelings about Diabetes. Joslin Diabetes Center Website. http://www.joslin.org/info/understanding_your_childs_feelings_about_diabetes.html. Accessed April 28, 2011.
Weight loss. American Diabetes Association Website. http://www.diabetes.org/food-and-fitness/fitness/weight-loss. Published, 2012. Accessed September 30, 2012.
What happens at a hospital Diabetes clinic? NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.itwh-ips600.co.uk/PCT/Live-Demo/Browse-Information/Long-Term-Medical-Conditions-Non-Cancer/Diabetes-and-Hormones/Diabetes-Type-2/What-happens-at-a-hospital-diabetes-clinic.aspx. Published June 15, 2011. Accessed October 17, 2012.
What I need to know about physical activity and Diabetes. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse Website. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/physical_ez/. Published December 6, 2011. Accessed September 11, 2012.
What is Diabetes and how can I control it? American Diabetes Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/What-Is-Diabetes-and-How-Can-I-Control-It_UCM_308834_Article.jsp. Published March 14, 2011. Accessed October 17, 2012.
What is diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Diabetic%20Ketoacidosis%20_DKA_%20-%20update%20Jul%2010.pdf. Published July, 2010. Accessed October 17, 2012.
Wijenaike, N. Living with Diabetes. DiabetesSuffolk Website. http://www.diabetesuffolk.com/LivingWithDiabetes/default.htm. Published October, 2002. Accessed April 15, 2011.
Your guide to Type 1 Diabetes. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Your%20Guide%20to%20Type%201%20Diabetes%20-%20update%20July%2010.pdf. Updated July, 2010. Accessed September 25, 2011.
Your guide to Type 2 Diabetes. NHS Tayside Diabetes Managed Clinical Network Website. http://www.diabetes-healthnet.ac.uk/Documents/Uploaded/Leaflet%20-%20Your%20Guide%20to%20Type%202%20Diabetes%20-%20update%20Mar%2009.pdf. Updated March, 2009. Accessed September 25, 2011.

Journals:

American Diabetes Association. Diabetes care in the school and day care setting. Diabetes Care. 2004; 27 (suppl 1):S122-S128.
American Diabetes Association. Medical Management of Type 2 Diabetes. 6th ed. Alexandria, VA: American Diabetes Association; 2008:49-53.
American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in Diabetes-2012 (Position Statement). Diabetes Care. 2012; 35 (Suppl 1): S11-S63.    
Brunton SA. Nocturnal hypoglycemia: answering the challenge with long-acting insulin analogs. Med Gen Med. 2007; 9(2):38.
Fajans SS, Bell GI, Bowden DW, Halter JB, Polonsky KS. Maturity-onset Diabetes of the young. Life Sci. 1994; 55(6):413–22.
Ibrahim MA. Managing Diabetes during Ramadan. Diabetes Voice. 2007; 52(2):19-22.
Mohamed GA, Car N, Muačević-Katanec D. Fasting of persons with Diabetes Mellitus during Ramadan. Diabetol Croat. 2002; 31(2):75-84.

Joslin:

An overview of Diabetes. Online Joslin Module. Updated November, 2010.
Sullivan E. The cornerstones of Diabetes management, part 2: physical activity. Online Joslin Module. Updated  November, 2010.