Eyes and Vision

Diabetes increases your risk for many serious problems. Diabetes-related eye problems are common and lead to the deterioration of vision and, ultimately, blindness if left untreated.

Diabetic retinopathy is the medical term for the most common Diabetes-related eye problem. It is the leading cause of vision loss in adults (age 20-65 years). Having high blood sugar and high blood pressure for a long time can damage the small blood vessels of the retina in the back of your eye. Read more

Heart and Blood Vessels

Your cardiovascular system consists of your heart and blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in people with Diabetes. Having Diabetes puts you at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease which includes heart disease, stroke and all other diseases of the heart and circulation. Many people with Diabetes also have other risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including having a history of cardiovascular disease, having a family history of cardiovascular disease, central obesity, abnormal blood cholesterol (fat), high blood pressure, and smoking. Read more


The kidneys are important organs. They have tiny blood vessels inside them acting as filters to remove waste products from the blood, and retain the large essential protein molecules. They regulate the amount of fluids and salts in the body, which helps to control blood pressure. In Diabetes, high blood sugar levels can damage the minute blood vessels of the kidneys. This causes them to work inefficiently, leading to what is known as the diabetic kidney disease. It is one of the possible long-term complications of Diabetes; affecting about one third of patients with Diabetes. Early detection is extremely important, because kidney disease takes many years to develop, which can be damaging. Diabetic kidney disease rarely develops during the first 10 years. In fact, it could take more than 20 years to develop. Read more


Neuropathy is the damage of the nerves travelling between the brain, the spinal cord, and to the different parts of the body. It can be caused by Diabetes or other illnesses. It is more common in those who have had Diabetes for several years. Approximately, half of the people with Diabetes suffer from neuropathy. High blood sugar levels over a period of time can lead to nerve injury and can also damage the blood vessels that supply nerves, ultimately, leading to nerve damage. Read more


Autonomic neuropathies are Diabetes-related complications that affect the nerves controlling the body systems and internal organs. The symptoms of autonomic neuropathy vary according to the site of the problem. Read more


People with Diabetes are at an increased risk of skin problems. If your blood sugar level is high, your body will lose fluid and as you lose fluid your skin may become dry.  Dry skin tends to be itchy and inflamed which may cause you to scratch, resulting in pain and potentially breaks in the skin. Read more

Preventing Complications

There is a lot you can do to reduce your risk for complications of Diabetes and stay as healthy as possible. Diabetes complications may affect your heart, blood vessels, feet, eyes, nerves or kidneys. Read more