Diabetes

Preventing Complications

How do I control my Diabetes and stay as healthy as possible?

There is a lot you can do to reduce your risk for complications of Diabetes and stay as healthy as possible. Diabetes complications may affect your heart, blood vessels, feet, eyes, nerves or kidneys.

Remember to consider the following:

People with Diabetes must have regular health tests and checkups to stay healthy and control Diabetes for life. Track your Diabetes numbers and checkups with your healthcare team to reduce your risk for Diabetes complications.

 

Diabetes Tests and Checkups

Your Diabetes Care Plan

HbA1c: Measures your average blood sugar level over the past 2 to 3 months

2 – 4 times a year

(Target for most people is less than 7%)

Blood Pressure

High blood pressure makes your heart work too hard

2 – 4 times a year

(Target for most people is Less than 130/80 mmHg)

LDL Cholesterol

LDL, or bad cholesterol, builds up and clogs your arteries

At least once a year

(Target for most people is Less than 100 mg/dl or 2.6 mmol/l)

Kidney Function (Microalbumin)

At least once a year

(Target for most people is Less than 30 mcg/mg)

Foot Exam

  • Check your feet every day, including between toes and around heals, and take care of any cuts or sores right away
  • Have a complete foot exam by your healthcare provider at least once a year

Eye Exam

At least once a year

Oral Health

  • Brush your teeth twice a day and floss once a day
  • See your dentist at least twice a year
  • Talk to your dentist if you have swollen or red gums and in case of bleeding when brushing your teeth